Kişiler arası diyaloglar - Personlity Type
The concept of personality type refers to the psychological classification of different types of individuals. Personality types are sometimes distinguished from personality traits, with the latter embodying a smaller grouping of behavioral tendencies. Types are sometimes said to involve qualitative differences between people, whereas traits might be construed as quantitative differences. According to type theories, for example, introverts and extraverts are two fundamentally different categories of people. According to trait theories, introversion and extraversion are part of a continuous dimension, with many people in the middle. While typologies of all sorts have existed throughout time the most influential idea of psychological types originated in the theoretical work of Carl Jung, published as Psychological Types in 1921. Other typologies such as Socionics, MBTI, and Keirsey Temperament Sorter all have roots in Jungian philosophy.
One example of personality types is Type A and Type B personality theory. According to this theory, impatient, achievement-oriented people are classified as Type A, whereas easy-going, relaxed individuals are designated as Type B. The theory originally suggested that Type A individuals were more at risk for coronary heart disease, but this claim has not been supported by empirical research.
Developmental psychologist Jerome Kagan is a prominent contemporary advocate of type theory. He suggests that shy, withdrawn children are best viewed as having an inhibited temperament, which is qualitatively different from other children.
As a matter of convenience, trait theorists sometimes use the term "type" to describe someone who scores exceptionally high or low on a particular personality trait. Hans Eysenck refers to superordinate personality factors as types, and more specific associated traits as traits.
Several pop psychology theories (e.g., Men Are From Mars, Women Are From Venus, the enneagram) rely on the idea of distinctively different types of people.
The term "type" has not been used consistently in psychology and has become the source of some confusion. Furthermore, because personality test scores usually fall on a bell curve rather than in distinct categories, personality type theories have received considerable criticism among psychometric researchers. One study that directly compared a "type" instrument (the MBTI) to a "trait" instrument (the NEO PI) found that the trait measure was a better predictor of personality disorders. Because of these problems, personality type theories have fallen out of favor in psychology. Most researchers now believe that it is impossible to explain the diversity of human personality with a small number of discrete types. They recommend trait models instead, such as the five factor model.
I am easy going and flexible. Im good at analytical problem solving too. These are my strenghts.
My biggest weakness is that I am very bad at social skills. I dont have communication skills either.
These are my personal qualities. What about you? What are your personal qualities? Are you a team player? Do you have good communication skills?
Bazı ingilizce sıfatların zıt anlamlıları, yine bu kelimelerin başlarına "-dis, -im, -ir, -un" gibi ekler eklenerek oluşturulur.
Zıt anlamlıyı oluşturma konusunda yani hangi kelimeleri hangi ekler ile zıt anlamlı yapabileceğimiz konusunda belli bir kural yoktur.
Two strengths of Spotty are that he is hard working and he is friendly. Spotty can sometimes get upset easily. He sometimes misses small details too. Why dont you write your personal qualities and not Spottys personal qualities?
I am always punctual and often careful. Im always reliable and responsible. I sometimes am cheerful. I always try to be tactful. Im not a very neat person, Im rarely neat. I am rarely organised. I think Im never sociable but I sometimes am adaptable. I am often hardworking. I am rarely outgoing but Im always polite. I sometimes am noisy. I am always independent, practical and honest.
Im very independent beacuse I dont like to give information to other people about myself and my activities.
-I am not sociable. I cant start a conversation with people I dont know. I think I dont like talking to people.
-You should often try to express yourself to other people. I think you should try harder to start conversations. You will enjoy talking to different people.
-I think you are right. Thanks for the advice.
Atakan:I think Murat is really hardworking. He is very disciplined too. This makes him very reliable and responsible. I think Murat can be more cheerful and sociable.
Merve: Do you think Atakan is right, Murat? Are you hardworking, disciplined, reliable and responsible but not cheerful and sociable?
Murat: Hmm. I think he is right in my strenghts but I dont think Im not sociable. I have many friends and I can make new friends easily too. I agree that my weekness is that Im not cheerful.
Murat: You can pay attention and try to be more cheerful. You should smile and laugh more often.
Atakan: She is right, Murat. Its not very hard. Just turn that frown upside down.
Murat: You mean I should smile all the time? For example, should I smile now too?
Merve: Yeah, why not? You should always have a smile on your face.
Murat: Ok, Ill try..
Atakan and Merve: Very good. Good job!